RUKO Community Wildlife Conservancy as a whole is inhabited by buffalo, common zebra, warthog, impala, crocodile, hippo, baboon, ostrich, waterbuck, serval cat and many different species of exotic birds and smaller mammals.
On the western side of the conservancy within Ruko’s 19,000 acres lies an area historically known as Longicharo; this area embraces just 188 acres of land protected by a 1.5km solar-fence. This ‘Sanctuary’ has been chosen as a key ecosystem to support and sustain reintroduced wildlife, trans-located in the hope of re-establishing a sustainable and safe wildlife habitat for species that once used to roam the Ruko area. The uniqueness of this Sanctuary is that sometimes it becomes a ‘floating island’, happening only when Lake Baringo swells with heavy rains allowing the lush marshlands to swathe the area separating the Sanctuary from the mainland.
So far, a herd of impala have been successfully trans-located to Ruko’s Sanctuary, with imminent plans for 6 Rothschild Giraffe to join them. These translocations are a significant achievement for the conservation efforts of the conservancy and surrounding communities, especially now as the impala herd have now grown in number with several healthy newborns.
Ruko has a high potential for wildlife thriving especially within its fenced sanctuary as there are various sources of water including marshlands and the lake, where wildlife won’t suffer from lack of water. Pastureland throughout the conservancy is also now more than adequate due to the sustainable management by the Community Grazing Committee, which implements livestock grazing bylaws during drought periods and the dry season on demarcated areas of the conservancy. RUKO is also vital as it is located amidst key wildlife migratory corridors towards the Northern and Western part of Kenya, as well as being on an important a tourism-circuit.